What Is A Rapier Loom?

Oct. 29, 2019

The rapier loom is the most widely used shuttleless loom. It has the characteristics of high speed, high automation and high-performance production of shuttleless loom. Its positive weft insertion method has strong variety adaptability. The weft insertion of all kinds of yarns, combined with the rapier weaving machine, also has obvious advantages in multi-color weft weaving, and can produce yarn-dyed products of up to 16 color weft yarns. With the shuttleless loom replacing the shuttle loom, the rapier loom will become the main production machine for woven fabrics.

As early as 150 years ago, the shuttle looms gradually replaced hand-woven fabrics, when the shuttle looms were twice as high as the hand-woven fabrics. The shuttleless loom began to appear in 1844. The flexible rapier loom began in 1925. After World War II, it achieved commercial production from the 1950s to the 1960s, and gradually made significant progress. At present, the weft insertion rate of the rapier loom reaches 1500m/ Min or above. Up to now, Computer Control Paper Making Rapier Loom have begun to appear, which is more convenient and quicker.

Industrial Fabric Loom

Industrial Fabric Loom

The rapier loom is mainly designed to solve the weft insertion method, including rigid, flexible and telescopic weft insertion. Its main product is fabric for clothing. Compared with other weft insertion methods, the weft insertion method of rapier loom is suitable for multi-color weft insertion, and can produce multi-pattern patterns of 12-color weft insertion, including various types of Yarn, producing various types of fabrics. The active rapier drive can complete weft insertion for many yarns with difficult weft insertion. So what are the advantages of the rapier loom? The Fire Retardant Conveyor Belt Loom Factory will come to tell you.

The biggest advantage of the rigid rapier loom weft insertion system is that it actively transmits the weft yarn to the center of the weaving mouth without any guiding device. The rigid rapier loom covers a large area, mainly because the width of the web has a certain limit. The flexible rapier loom weft insertion system has strong adaptability, wide application range, and the weft insertion rate is significantly increased, and the width of the weft is 460cm.

In the last 15 years of the 20th century, electronic computers were introduced into looms. The microelectronics CAD-CAM system was widely used, which made microelectronics technology, information transmission technology and weaving technology form a perfect combination. Many electronic devices and systems combined with looms became swords. The components of the loom, especially the wide application of microelectronics on rapier looms, including weft insertion technology. Some weft insertion elements are greatly improved, small in size and light in weight.

Due to the wide application of microelectronic technology, the speed and the weft insertion rate of the rapier loom are greatly improved. In various weft insertion modes, such as the gripper weft insertion, the rapier weft insertion, the jet weft insertion and the water jet weft insertion system, the rapier weft insertion speed is also high except for the jet weft insertion. In the last 50 years of the 20th century, the rapier looms made remarkable progress. At the 1995 Milan and 1999 Paris exhibitions, the latest high-tech rapier looms were presented to the world.

In addition, you should also pay attention when using the rapier loom:

1. Disposal of warp yarns.

Mainly because the warp yarns at the temples are easy to break, that is, the warp yarns broken at the temples, the warp yarns worn from the steel shackles must not be placed in the side sills, and the yarns are not woven due to the angular relationship. The correct treatment method is that the warp yarns are worn in the vertical direction or adjacent to several warp yarns, and then placed in the side cover, and the warp yarns in the middle can be solved by simply pulling or hanging with a tool.

2. The treatment method of broken weft yarn.

a) Pull out two weft yarns first;

b) Reverse the take-up head so that the take-up does not work during beating.

c) pour two plaid paper or two stencils;

d) Use a weft to drive to find the live yarn, put two weft yarns, fill one weft, put down the take-up struts and start the switch to drive.

The above is the description of the rapier loom. If you are interested in textile machinery, you can contact us. We are a professional Industrial Fabric Loom Factory, we can provide you with various types of textile machinery, welcome your purchase.