What are the Six Categories of Textile Machinery?

Mar. 23, 2020

Textile machinery is a collective name for various mechanical equipment needed to process natural or chemical fibers into textiles. The processes required to process different fibers such as cotton, rayon, silk, and wool into textiles are not the same, and some are completely different, so the required machinery is also various and various. As long as there are spinning equipment, weaving equipment, printing and dyeing equipment, finishing equipment, chemical fiber spinning equipment, reeling equipment and non-woven fabric equipment. Spinning equipment is divided into two categories: processing short fibers and processing long fibers. Cotton and cotton-type chemical fibers belong to the category of short fibers, and wool, hemp, silk and their blended chemical fibers belong to the category of long fibers. The processing procedures of the two types of fibers are different, and the equipment cannot be universal, but the design principles of some machines are similar. Even if the same type of equipment and machine structure are similar, but because of the nature of the raw materials and the final requirements for the fabric are different, they are generally not universal.

Spinning equipment is mainly divided into two categories: processing short fibers and processing long fibers. Due to the variety, the machine structure, use and performance are different. According to its order in the process flow, it is divided into open and clear cotton machinery, carding machine, combing machine, winder, winder, draw frame, draw frame, roughing, warping process, spinning frame, spinning frame, Rotor spinning machines, flax spinning machines, etc., according to the type of loom, there can also be Polyester Fabric Loom, high-density industrial filter cloth loom, etc.

Polyester Fabric Loom

Polyester Fabric Loom

Weaving equipment is divided into winding process, warping process, drawing-in process, weaving process and finishing process according to its process.

Printing and dyeing equipment: Singeing machine (singeing cloth on the cloth), desiccant bleaching machine (slurry on the cloth surface is removed), mercerizing machine (make the cloth fibers neatly arranged, the cloth surface is shiny, and the dye absorption is better), uniform rolling car (cloth dyeing), setting machine (setting of fabric), pre-shrinking machine (controlling shrinkage of fabric).

Finishing equipment is the equipment used in textile finishing, which mainly includes coating, calendering, printing, water washing, nitrine washing, sand washing, embossing, punching, shaping, embroidery, bronzing, etc. Woven textiles will also have Steel Mesh Rapier Loom and so on.

The advent of man-made fibers at the end of the 19th century broadened the field of textile machinery and added a category of chemical fiber machinery. The increase in people's demand for synthetic fibers has pushed synthetic fiber spinning equipment to large-scale (spinning screw diameter of 200 mm, daily output of a single spinning machine to 100 tons) and high-speed (spinning speed of 3000 to 4000 meters) / Minute). The world's fastest-growing country in the synthetic fiber industry has equipment renewed almost every 5 to 6 years, and the number of machines has doubled in 10 years. In the past 20 years, spinning and weaving equipment has made many local improvements to adapt to pure chemical fiber spinning or blending with natural fibers, such as expanding the range of suitable fiber lengths for drafting mechanisms and eliminating static electricity on fibers. In dyeing and finishing, high temperature and high pressure dyeing equipment, heat setting equipment, resin finishing equipment and loose finishing equipment have been developed.

Non-woven fabrics are textiles made by using textile fibers as raw materials through gluing, fusing or other chemical and mechanical methods. This kind of textile does not go through the traditional spinning, weaving or knitting process, and is also called non-woven, non-woven.

The above is the type of textile machinery introduced by Fire Retardant Conveyor Belt Loom Supplier.