Types of Textile Machinery

Mar. 09, 2020

Loom, commonly known as a loom. The earliest loom was a reed loom (also called a waist loom) sitting on the floor. The method of use is to step on the warp sticks of the loom, hold the beating wooden knife on the right to tighten the weft, and use the left hand to make a weft insertion lead. This kind of pedal type waist machine does not have a frame, one end of the cloth winding shaft is tied to the waist, the other end is used to hold the warp beam at the other end and the fabric is tensioned. The heddle lifts the warp yarn to form a shed, and inserts the weft with a bone needle, and the beating knife beats the weft. The most important achievement of waist weaving is the use of heald rods, warp sticks and beating knives. Although this loom is very simple, it already has three directions of movement: opening the loom up and down, weft insertion, and tightening back and forth. It is the ancestor of modern loom. Today Polyester Fabric Loom Manufacturer introduces the types of textile machinery.

There are many types of textile machinery, with different machine structures, uses and performances. According to the objects it operates, it can be divided into the following categories:

Spinning machinery

Machines that process fiber raw materials (including cotton, wool, silk, linen and other natural fibers and chemical fibers) into yarns, mainly carding, carding, winder, winder, winder and winder cards, draw frames, roving frames, spinning frames, and new spinning machines-rotor spinning machines, air-jet spinning machines, friction spinning machines, etc.

2. Chemical fiber machinery

Machines that process chemical polymers into chemical fibers (including filaments, staple fibers, textured yarns, etc.) are mainly divided into long fiber production lines and short fiber production lines, including spinning machines, winders, drum reciprocating devices, and Benzene boiler, screw extruder, elastic silk machine, etc.

3. Weaving machinery

Machines that process yarn or chemical fiber spinning into woven fabrics through weaving or knitting processes, mainly winders, weft winders, warping machines, sizing machines, Rapier Looms, air-jet looms, and jets water loom, large circular machine, warp knitting machine, etc.

4. Dyeing and finishing machinery

Machines for dyeing, printing, and finishing finishing fabrics by physical or chemical methods, mainly including scorching machines, deboiling and bleaching machines, mercerizing machines, heat setting machines, dyeing machines, cylinder / flat screen printing machines, pre-shrink Machine, calender, etc.

5. Non-woven equipment

Machines that make fiber materials through web forming and reinforcement or bonding (without spinning and weaving) to make cloth-like products. There are mainly various types of meltblown equipment, hot rolling mills, various types of laying, netting, and reinforcement equipment, etc.

Computer Control Paper Making Rapier Loom

Computer Control Paper Making Rapier Loom

In the production practice of weaving, people gradually innovated and successfully created the inclined loom with a foot lift. Its images appeared many times on Han Dynasty portrait stones. This kind of inclined loom already has a machine frame, the warp surface and the horizontal machine frame are inclined at an angle of 50 to 60 degrees, and the opening device of the foot lifting is adopted. Weavers can operate while sitting, using both hands and feet, and the productivity is generally more than 10 times higher than that of the original loom. It was the most advanced loom in the world at that time.

During the development of the modern textile industry, various forms of shuttleless looms have appeared, including rapier looms, shuttle looms, air jet looms, water jet looms, multiphase looms, and magnetic weft insertion looms. Wait. Compared with shuttle looms, fabrics produced by shuttleless looms have unparalleled advantages in terms of output, quality, and variety. They have replaced shuttle looms in most weaving fields. Textile industry expands to developing countries. Judging from the technical development of the international shuttleless loom and the needs of the textile industry, air jet loom has made rapid progress in terms of high speed, widening, and serialization. In addition to being widely used in the large and wide cotton weaving industry, Weaving, jacquard and other fabrics are increasingly widely used, and Computer Control Paper Making Rapier Loom has advantages in variety adaptability, fabric color variety, and wider weaving range. These two types of looms have become the two most widely used in the textile industry.