Development History of Rapier Loom

Apr. 07, 2020

Rapier Loom is currently the most widely used shuttleless loom. In addition to its high-speed, high degree of automation, and high-efficiency production, it has a strong variety adaptability and can adapt to various types. The weft insertion of the yarn, together with the rapier loom also has obvious advantages in multi-color weft weaving, which can produce up to 16 color weft yarns. As the shuttleless loom replaces the shuttle loom, the rapier loom will become the main production machine for woven fabrics.

As early as 150 years ago, shuttle looms gradually replaced hand-woven fabrics. At that time, the output of shuttle looms was twice that of hand-woven fabrics. The shuttleless loom began to appear in 1844, and the flexible rapier loom began in 1925. After World War II, commercial production was achieved from the 1950s to the 1960s, and significant progress was gradually achieved. The current weft insertion rate of the rapier loom reached 1500m / Above min.

The rapier loom is mainly designed to solve the weft insertion method, including rigid, flexible and retractable weft insertion methods. Its main products are clothing fabrics. Compared with other weft insertion methods, the rapier loom's weft insertion method is suitable for multi-color weft insertion, and can produce 12-color weft insertion multi-pattern products, including various types of past Yarn, production of various types of fabrics. Active rapier drive can complete weft insertion for many difficult yarns.

The biggest advantage of the rigid rapier loom weft insertion system is to actively transfer the weft yarn to the center of the weave without any guide device. The rigid rapier loom occupies a small area, mainly because the reed width has a certain limit. The flexible rapier loom's weft insertion system has strong adaptability, a wide range of applications, a significant increase in weft insertion rate, and a reed width of 460cm.

In the last 15 years of the 20th century, electronic computers introduced looms, and the microelectronic CAD-CAM system was widely used, making microelectronics technology, information transfer technology and weaving technology form a perfect combination. Many electronic devices and systems combined with looms became swords. The components of the bar loom, especially the wide application of microelectronic technology on the rapier loom, including weft insertion technology. Some weft insertion elements are greatly improved, small in size and light in weight.

Computer Control Paper Making Rapier Loom

Computer Control Paper Making Rapier Loom

Due to the wide application of microelectronic technology, the speed and weft insertion rate of the rapier loom are greatly improved. In various weft insertion methods, such as gripper weft insertion, rapier weft insertion, jet weft insertion and water jet weft insertion, the rapier weft insertion speed is also very high in addition to the jet weft insertion. The rapier looms made remarkable progress in the second half of the 20th century. Extraordinarily exhibited the latest high-tech rapier looms to the world at the exhibitions in Milan in 1995 and Paris in 1999.

From 1963 to 1999, the operating speed and weft insertion rate of the rapier loom exhibited at the International Textile Machinery Exhibition changed greatly.

It is the goal of Computer Control Paper Making Rapier Loom supplier to participate in world competition by striving to improve the output and operating performance of loom, improve weaving efficiency and product quality. Not only the speed and weft insertion rate of the rapier loom have been greatly improved, but also the width of the loom has increased rapidly. After years of efforts to improve, the speed and weft insertion rate of the rapier loom have greatly exceeded the shuttle weaving machine, but The width can not be compared with the shuttle loom.